Convert operand to structure offset

 Action    name: OpStructOffset
 
 GUI version:
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This command pertmits to convert all immediate operands of instructions in a range selection to a path of offsets through a structure and its possible sub unions. If no selection is active, IDA will simply permit to convert the current operand. In this case, it will display a simple dialog box the same way as the text version (see below).

You can select the desired register in the drop-down list: all operands relative to this register will be added to the 'Offsets' list. A special empty line in the drop-down list is used to directly work on immediate values. Checkboxes in the 'Offsets' list allow you to select which operand you indeed want to modify. By default, IDA will select only undefined operands, to avoid overwriting previous type definitions. This list is sorted by operand value, by instruction address and finally by operand number. You can easily see the instructions related to the operand by moving the mouse over it, and wait for a hint to be displayed.

The 'Structures and Unions' tree will contain all selectable structures, and sub unions. Once you select or move over a structure, the 'Offsets' list updates itself for each checked offset: the computed name of the operand is displayed, according to the selected structure in the tree. An icon is also drawn, to easily know if a specific structure matchs the offset or not, or if the offset is too big for the selected structure. The structures who match the most offsets will be near the top of the tree. You can also move your mouse over structures in the tree to obtain an interesting hint.

A '?' icon can also appear, if the offset can be specialized by selecting an union member. In this case, if you expand the structure in the tree, you can select the adequate union member simply by checking the desired radio button. IDA automatically corrects the related name in the 'Offsets' list.

The 'Offset delta' value represents the difference between the structure start and the pointer value. For example, if you have an operand 4 and want to convert in into an expression like "mystruct.field_6-2", then you have to enter 2 as the delta. Usually the delta is zero, i.e. the pointer points to the start of the structure.

The 'Hide sub structures without sub unions' option (checked by default) avoids to add unnecessary sub structures to the tree, to keep it as small as possible. If you uncheck this option, all sub structures will be added to the tree.

By default, IDA displays the structure member at offset 0. To change this behaviour, you can directly disable the 'Force zero offset field' in the 'Options' frame. Later zero offsets can be forced using Edit, Structs, Force zero offset menu item.

 Text version:
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This command converts immediate operand(s) type of the current instruction/data to an offset within the specified structure. Before using this command, you have to define a structure type.

First of all, IDA will ask a so-called "struct offset delta". This value represents the difference between the structure start and the pointer value. For example, if you have an operand 4 and want to convert in into an expression like "mystruct.field_6-2", then you have to enter 2 as the delta. Usually the delta is zero, i.e. the pointer points to the start of the structure.

If a range is selected using the anchor, IDA will perform 'en masse' conversion. It will convert immediate operands of all instructions in the selected range to offsets. However, IDA will ask you first the lower and upper limits of immediate operand value. If the an operand value is >= lower limit and <= upper limit then the operand will be converted to offset, otherwise it will be left unmodified.

When you use this command, IDA deletes the manually entered operand.

If the cursor is on the first operand (the cursor is before ',') then the first operand will be affected; otherwise, all other operands will be affected.

By default IDA doesn't display the structure member at offset 0. To change this behaviour, use Force zero field offset command.

Moreover, if there are several possible representations (this can happen if unions are used), select the desired representation using the Select union member... command.

See also:

          offset by data segment/no
          offset by current segment
          offset by any segment
          offset by any user-specified base
          Edit|Operand types|Offset submenu.
          Enter #th operand manually command.
          Set operand type
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